Now, dysmenorrhea (abnormally excessive menstrual pain) can be classified into 2 types, primary and secondary dysmenorrhea. The primary type refers to dysmenorrhea with no known cause (i. e. a physical or psychogenic cause cannot be found for the pain). The secondary type, however , can be caused by several medical conditions including, but not limited to, the following:
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STD's)
Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) made of copper
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
Stress and anxiety
Treatment of dysmenorrhea involves both pain management and specific therapies for any known cause.
Pain management includes:
Drug therapy - the following types of drugs are known to be effective against menstrual pain
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's) like ibuprofen, piroxicam, diclofenac, etc .
Other prescription pain relievers (including narcotic drugs), such as pentazocine, tramadol, codeine, etc .
Hormonal contraceptives (birth control pills)
Non-drug therapy - the following non-drug home remedies have been reported to relieve or at least reduce menstrual pain in some women:
drinking warm beverages
taking warm showers or baths
applying a heating pad over the lower abdomen, below the belly button
doing light circular massage with the finger tips over the lower abdomen
avoiding heavy meals (eating light but frequent)
Go to the Menstrual Cup Review for further detail about Women Menstrual.